If I have said it
once I must have said it a hundred times. The only way that Good Zoos are going
to get taken seriously by our critics is when we start to condemn the bad zoos
and to criticise our peers. It should not, must not be left to the anti-zoo lobby.
Each time we fail we give them another step up the ladder and each time they
climb we go down one.
If you missed the
item about the arrest of Animal rights activist Singky Soewadji after he
questioned the recent removal of 420 animals from Surabaya Zoo I suggest you
read it and give it some thought. It would be easy to rejoice the arrest of an
animal rights activist but I don't believe you should. He has asked a question
that really does need to be answered. There is so much corrupt politics
surrounding Surabaya and the fact that it is actually illegal to say anything
about the zoo. So I'm asking. What species of animals? Where did they go. Take
it from me that there is not another collection in Indonesia that was/is in a
position to take these animals and if they were divided up here and there then
it would be frying pan to fire. So did they go to a dealer? Really though it is
not me who should be asking these questions but the World and National Zoo
Associations….but they won't, will they?
Exciting times ahead
for the UAE. The new Dubai Safari Zoo opening seems to stepped back a month or
three but it will happen soon. Following on behind that there will be another UAE Safari Park and this one "The biggest Safari Park in the World". Then
there are two, possibly three new aquariums planned for the coast and returning
to Dubai again 'The Rainforest' has just opened this week. They say that Japan
has the highest number of zoos (based I believe on population size) but the UAE
must be in the running somewhere. Zoos Of The United Arab Emirates http://hubpages.com/_13rz0ikcd0g1v/animals/Zoos-Of-The-United-Arab-Emirates
We are rapidly
approaching 2017. It may seem too far ahead to plan but it isn't. I have asked
my staff to book their annual leave now to avoid any clashes and so ensure
smooth running. This is just what the zoo world should be doing with their
planned meetings and conferences. Too often you see two similar events taking
place on two different continents at roughly the same time making it impossible
to attend both. Send me you meeting plans to include here Zoo Conferences,
Meetings, Courses and Symposia http://zoosymposia.blogspot.ae/
The Zoo Jobs Blog http://zoowork.blogspot.ae/ spot gets a
lot of international attention. One recent advert reached over twenty thousand
and had over four thousand actually read it in less than 24 hours. Advertising
here reaches the right people and definitely works. However there are those few
who write to me and send their CV's. Sorry folks I am not hiring and I have not the time to pass
these on. First rule of applying for a job is to actually read the advert and
follow the instructions.
The news item about
dogs in North Korea's Pyongyang Zoo caused a bit of interest. It is however not
so unusual. I recollect visiting a number of zoos (and I have not been to North
Korea yet) where dogs were on display. In fact I remember seeing them in some
UK zoos in the 60's.
The article on the
Yemeni Leopards surprised me. I thought that all in the zoos would be long dead
by now. I asked people 'in the know' some six months ago and they just shrugged
Did You Know?
ZooNews Digest has over 26,400 'Like's' on Facebook and has a weekly reach often exceeding over 350,000 people? That ZooNews Digest has subscribers in over 800 Zoos in 153+ countries? That the subscriber list reads like a 'Zoos Who's Who?'
If you are a subscriber to the email version then you probably knew this already. You would also know that ZooNews Digest pre-dates any of the others. It was there before FaceBook. It was there shortly after the internet became popular and was a 'Blog' before the word had been invented. ZooNews Digest reaches zoo people.
I remain committed to the work of GOOD zoos,
not DYSFUNCTIONAL zoos.
Secrets of how primates can live at extreme altitude
It can be lonely at
the top. Snub-nosed monkeys live at a higher altitude than any other non-human
primate – but they are also among the rarest of all primates.
The latest genomic
analyses may help to explain exactly how they have adapted to life in the thin
air found in their habitat and perhaps inform their conservation.
were once fairly common across Asia, before climate and geological processes
conspired against them. Mountain-building activity in the area associated with
the formation of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau created physical barriers
that isolated monkey populations from one another.
The deterioration of
environmental conditions during the last ice age helped keep those populations
By about 300,000
years ago, the monkeys had been isolated for so long that they had split into
five distinct species. Golden, black and gray snub-nosed monkeys live in the
mountainous forests of southern China, the Tonkin snub-nosed monkey inhabits
northern Vietnam and the
Japan zoos could be an endangered species
Hanako, a female
elephant at the Inokashira Park Zoo in Tokyo, died in May at the age of 69. The
news was widely reported because Hanako was a famous fixture of the zoo, where,
according to then-Tokyo Gov. Yoichi Masuzoe, she “gave dreams and hopes to children,”
a strange observation if you review Hanako’s long life.
A friendship gift
from Thailand to Japanese children in 1949, the elephant did not adapt readily
to her new home at Tokyo’s Ueno Zoo. In fact, she killed two men, one a
zookeeper, the other a drunk trespasser. Difficult to control, she was chained
up and lost weight. Eventually the zoo transferred Hanako to Inokashira, where
the head zookeeper took special care of her.
But while she gained
back her weight and “started to show some affection,” the Tokyo Shimbun
reported that her unpredictable nature reemerged, requiring she be fed “at a
distance.” Last October, an English-language blogger named Ulara Nakagawa
started writing posts about Hanako’s atrociously cramped living conditions. She
contacted experts in other countries and a petition was circulated to send
Hanako back to Thailand, where she could spend the rest of her days in more
natural surroundings and be with other elephants, which live in herds. The
petition collected 300,000 signatures.
Visitors to the zoo
who heard of this plan told the Mainichi Shimbun that Hanako should stay
because she brought joy to local residents. Her zookeepers admitted that her
living situation was not ideal due to budget constraints, but in any case she
was too old to be moved. When Hanako died, Nakagawa wrote that maybe it was for
the best, since now the animal was freed from her misery. Local residents
wanted the zoo to replace her, even if it seemed obvious that a new elephant
would simply in
Why we must save the Buenos Aires Zoo
Getting to the Truth Behind Thailand’s Infamous Tiger
sanctuary or commercial theme park? The truth about the now defunct Tiger
Temple probably lies somewhere in between
It was a special
sort of gruesome. Forty dead tiger cubs that had been found in a freezer at one
of the world’s most famous tiger reserves were laid out before the world’s
press, flies swarming their now slowly decomposing frames.
More than 500
officers from Thailand’s Department of National Parks (DNP) swooped on the
Tiger Temple, in the town of Kanchanaburi, a couple of hours’ drive west of
Bangkok, on May 30, following years of allegations of illegal breeding and
Zoo Science Volume 4 Sept 2016
Zoo Science for
Keepers and Aquarists v4
This Former Killer Whale Trainer Is Taking on SeaWorld
SeaWorld has been a
lightning rod for controversy in recent years, and no one knows that better
than John Hargrove. On this week's episode of the Inquiring Minds podcast,
Hargrove—a former SeaWorld animal trainer—recounts his experiences working with
orcas in captivity. From heavily medicated killer whales to the tragic death of
his colleague, Hargrove paints a picture of an entertainment company in crisis.
nationwide chain of parks well known for its displays of marine animals,
purports to blend "imagination with nature" and enable visitors to
"explore, inspire and act." It's perhaps most famous for its orcas.
Also known as killer whales, orcas are actually the largest member of the
dolphin family. They weigh thousands of pounds and are, in the words of
National Geographic, "one of the world's most powerful predators."
SeaWorld's treatment of orcas has come under intense scrutiny; the 2013 film
Blackfish recounted the death of SeaWorld trainer Dawn Brancheau and showed the
dangers (for both whales and humans) of keeping orcas in captivity. Hargrove a
Killer Whales, SeaWorld and the Truth About John
In his book Beneath
The Surface and in his public statements, author and former SeaWorld trainer
John Hargrove tries to have it both ways.
On one side, John
Hargrove is espousing animal activist dogma. On the other side, John Hargrove
is praising his experience in the marine park industry, praising SeaWorld and
trying to help a celebrity buy killer whales.
The only thing that
is clear, John Hargrove has a book to sell you.
The Real John
Hargrove loves SeaWorld and his time as a trainer. From his interviews with a
young intern who was looking to become a marine mammal trainer, to his
engagement with people on social media about his love of killer whales, or
touting off the sound care the animals receive at SeaWord – the Real John
Hargrove espouses the ben
The Region's First Indoor Tropical Forest Opens Doors
to Offer Unparalleled Sensory Experience
Dubai-based holding company has announced the opening of The Green Planet at
CITY WALK in Dubai, the region’s much awaited and only standalone educational
and recreational bio-dome, featuring over 3,000 stunning plants and animals.
The striking variety
of species housed at The Green Planet recreates a lush tropical forest for
visitors to immerse themselves in the intimate and unique sensory experience.
The facility also mimics the habitat to the point of regulating the temperature
and humidity levels of the venue so that visitors can not only see what life is
like in such an ecosystem, but can also have a vivid first-hand experience.
Upon entering the
origami style glass building, visitors are greeted at the ‘Flooded Forest’ for
a first look of the extraordinary forest floor, complete with a giant aquarium
filled with species such as arapaima, arowana and graceful stingrays. Visitors
are then guided to the top of the bio-dome where they are presented with a
magical panoramic view of the largest indoor, man-made and life-sustaining tree
in the world. As visitors slowly descend through the biome
Zoo design will continue to evolve
Stacey Ludlum is a
senior zoological designer at PGAV Destinations, a St. Louis-based design and
architecture firm. You can read more of her writing at her blog, Designing
Zoos. Her views:
“We are at a
precipice of a major evolution in zoos as we know them. In recent years,
progressive, thought-leading zoos have already begun to lead the transition
from a recreation-centered, wholesome fun family experience to what could be
described as a conservation experience. ... Although many zoos have long viewed
on-site and off-site conservation programs and research as essential to their
core, we will be seeing these programs taking on a much higher level of import
to the day-to-day workings of zoos. ...
Every experience at
the zoo will (teach) visitors about conservation — especially conservation that
the zoo itself is leading. ...
Future zoos will be
much more selective in their animal collection, choosing species that are
especially suited to the climatic conditions, the staff expertise and the
individual zoo's conservation mission. Exhibits will be larger, more varied,
provide flexibility for the staff to change environments and social groups and
allow a variety of educational interaction opportunities. Guests will be taken
deeper into the stories of the animals, how the zoo cares for them and what the
zoo is doin
Vol. XXXI | No. 8 |
ISSN 0971-6378 (Print)
Date of publication
24 August 2016
The August 2016
issue of ZOO’S PRINT Magazine (Vol. 31, No. 8)
is online at <www.zoosprint.org> in a format that
permits you to
turn pages like a
If you wish to
download the full magazine or certain articles click on <www.zoosprint.org/showMagazine.asp>
Zoos of the future may be animals' last, best hope
Zoos across the
country are frequently in the news. Sweet, heartwarming photos of new baby
animals are offset by frightening, dangerous events.
Zoos inspire debate
and change: Buenos Aires announced it is shutting down its zoo. Sea World will
no longer breed orcas. The National Aquarium decided to retire its dolphins to
a seaside sanctuary.
While public outcry
continues on the subject of keeping wild animals in captivity, many
institutions work hard to maintain healthy homes for their animals and work
toward research and conservation.
We asked experts to
weigh in on their visions of the future of zoos.
Zoos are the last,
best hope for many endangered animals, says Joe Gaspard, director of
conservation and research at Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium.
“If we think it's
tough going on a day-to-day basis for humans, it's a tougher world out there
for animals,” he says. “The sad truth is that many just don't thrive in the
Zoos will continue
to be safe havens from poaching and habitat loss caused by human encroachment
and climate change, and zoo organizations will continue to take the lead in
research and conservation to fight species extinction worldwide, he says.
“In totality, zoos
provide more funding for conservation than all the well-known conservation
organizations, like the World Wildlife Fund and others,” says Ken Kaemmerer,
the zoo's curator of mammals. “By supporting us, you play a part in
conservation in the field.
“Zoo detractors say,
well, you can just look at a video. To a degree, yes, but there's a limit to
the effect that has on a person versus seeing the live animal. What really tugs
at your heart is seeing the live animal,” he says.
In that way, zoo
animals act as ambassadors for conservation efforts around the globe, Kaemmerer
says. Changes may come over time in the number and variety of animals on
exhibit, he says, but it is unlikely that zoos ever will cease to exist.
The Highland Park
zoo includes about 4,000 animals representing 475 species on 77 acres.
Attendance averages betwe
The Middle Flipper is...(Part 5)
....a dolphin who
plays keep away.
One of the most
unique experiences in a dolphin trainer's life is their first six months on the
job. Most of us naively assume that
after an internship, a helpful membership to IMATA*, and surviving the Holy
Trinity of job applications, swim tests, and interviews, we've Made It once we
land our first position.
Oh, we think. We've finally Achieved Our Dream!
Israeli Surgeons Save Rare Nubian Vulture
Beak makeover at
Ramat Gan Safari Park saves giant bird starving to death after it suffered a
blow to the mouth.
A 22-year old Nubian
vulture slowly starving to death because of beak trouble has been saved by the
Ramat Gan Safari surgeons.
The operation was
crucial more than to the bird himself. It could be critical to the species,
since the unnamed avian is the last breeding male of his species left in
Some years ago, the
bird, who was born at the Hi Bar Hacarmel animal rescue center and has lived
there all his life, suffered a blow to the beak, after which it grew crooked –
like our nails, beaks keep growing throughout life. Finally he couldn't
Baby aye-aye born at Durrell
A baby aye-aye has
entered the world at Durrell Wildlife Park - the first to be born at the park
in more than a decade.
The birth is the
result of the introduction of mum Ala - who arrived from a zoo in Japan - to
Durrell's young male Pan.
The pair had never
Staff at the
Wildlife Park say they are "over the moon" at the bre
Thailand's tiger tourism expands despite raid on
infamous tiger temple
tourism business is booming and the captive tiger population is growing fast,
experts say, more than two months after Thai wildlife authorities found scores
of dead cubs while rescuing animals from the popular Tiger Temple.
activists called on tourists to shun Thai animal attractions, which they say
are cruel and should be shut down, after the Tiger Temple in Kanchanaburi
province, west of Bangkok, closed in June.
authorities vowed to inspect other tiger attractions, and confiscated 24 tigers
from two venues, but the scrutiny has been short-lived.
"On the ground,
nothing has changed," said Jan Schmidt-Burbach, a Bangkok-based wildlife
adviser for the World Animal Protection NGO. "The Tiger Temple case has
brought attention to the topic but is unfortunately limited to the temple itself."
A July report by
World Animal Protection shows that the number of captive tigers in Thailand's
tiger entertainment industry jumped 33 percent, from 623 tigers in 2010 to 830
tigers in 2015-2016. Eight new venues also opened
Lions, tigers and poodles? Dogs a big draw at
North Korean leader
Kim Jong Un's latest gift to the residents of Pyongyang, the renovated central
zoo, is pulling in thousands of visitors a day with a slew of attractions
ranging from such typical zoo fare as elephants, giraffes, penguins and monkeys
to a high-tech natural history museum with displays showing the origins of the
solar system and the evolution of life on Earth.
But one of the most
popular attractions might come as a surprise to foreign visitors. Just across
from the hippopotamus pen and the reptile house, dozens of varieties of dogs —
including schnauzers, German shepherds, Shih Tzus and Saint Bernards — are on
display in the "dog pavilion."
One, a King Charles
spaniel, was presented as a gift to Kim's father, Kim Jong Il, by "the
U.S. company Tapco" in 1995. According to plaques above their pens, which
— dog lovers will be relieved to know — are spacious and clean, Kim Jong Un himself
chipped in by giving the zoo its schnauzers, poodles, German shepherds and a
Former South Korean
President Kim Dae-jung, who pursued a sort of detente with Pyongyang called the
"Sunshine policy," presented the North with a Jindo dog that now
resides in the zoo.
North Korea's own
national dog — yes, it has one, the puffy white Pung San breed — lives in a pen
next to it.
shocking to those accustomed to thinking of dogs as companions or household
pets, the zoo display may actually reflect an increasingly fond attitude toward
dogs in North Korea. While dog meat is still a common dish in the North, and in
China and South Korea as well, a small but growing number of North Koreans are
keeping canines as pets.
People walking dogs
on leashes can now be seen from time to time in Pyongyang and some other
cities. And instead of suggesting recipes, signs in the dog pavilion describe
the best way to train a pet dog, suggesting that patience and kindness work
better than ha
What Are Zoos For?
For the media zoos
make good copy: ‘Twin Panda Birth Surprises Atlanta Zoo Staff’; ‘Rare White
Lion Cubs Born at Georgia Zoo’; ‘Bristol to Welcome Pair of Andean Bears’. The
implication is that the public are delighted and that this news is good news.
and particularly children, get immense pleasure from a day out at the zoo. And
often much entertainment. A few days ago, at Tiger World in Rockwell, North
Carolina “hilarious footage captured the moment an angry monkey took his temper
out on a family by throwing his poo at them” (Mirror, 15 August). There may
even be some drama. In June this year, at Cincinnati Zoo, Harambe, a 450 pound
silverback gorilla (who would have had the strength of eight men) grabbed a
three year old boy who had climbed into
Twin South China tiger cubs born at Nanchang Zoo
Twin South China
tiger cubs have been born at Nanchang Zoo in East China's Jiangxi province,
making the total number of the endangered species at the zoo 26.
The cubs were born
on May 13 and have passed the 90 to 100 days of observation period.
"Both of the
twins are male and now weigh nearly 10 kg," said Song Guoshou, a zoo
The mother is from
Nanchang Zoo and the father is from Luoyang Zoo in Henan Province.
Chinese tiger is listed as highly endangered by the International Union for
Conservation of Nature.
As of the end of
2015, there were only 131 South China tigers
Mammoths may become protected to stop ‘laundering’ of
could gain protection under the world’s toughest wildlife and conservation
trade rules — despite having become extinct 4,000 years ago.
The move, which
would be made under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
(Cites), follows the emergence of many tons of ivory mammoth tusks from the
Siberian tundra as climate change melts the permafrost in which they have been
The proposal to
limit trade in mammoth ivory is on the agenda for the Cites conference in
Johannesburg, South Africa,
Animal rights activist arrested in Surabaya for
questioning removal of animals from infamous “Zoo of Death”
criticized ITE law has once again been used by state officials to arrest
somebody for criticizing a government institution for possible corruption
online. This time, the institution in question is Surabaya’s infamous zoo,
which has been beset by constant scandals involving mismanagement and horrific
animal mistreatment, leading it to be dubbed the “Zoo of Death” by some.
activist Singky Soewadji was arrested by police on Monday for allegedly
defaming the zoo by questioning the irregularities in its recent removal of 420
received suspects and transferred the evidence from the East Java Police
investigators," said Surabaya State Attorney Didik Farkhan on Monday as
quoted by Detik.
Singky was arrested
under Indonesia’s ITE law, which criminalizes any online statements that could
be considered slanderous or defamatory. He was reported to the police by the
Indonesia Zoo Association (PKBSI) Chairman Rahmat Shah and PKBSI Secretary Toni
Singky took his
arrest in st
IAATE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM - EUROPE
OCTOBER 10-12 2016 -
No more Bornean Orangutans to be located at Jackson
Jackson Zoo Deputy
Director Dave Wetzel was informed by the Orangutan Species Survival Plan of the
Association of Zoos and Aquariums that the longtime Bornean orangutan residents
would be permanently moved to other AZA properties.
The call was the end
result of a Jackson Zoo requested consultation of this endangered species due
to the birth of a baby boy in November of 2015. The female "Kimmie"
(or "Sabah") has been attentive in her care of her offspring, but despite
supplemental feedings and additional multivitamins, the keepers felt that the
baby was not developing as expected.
They requested input
from the Orangutan SSP of the AZA, who sent representatives from Chicago,
Illinois, and Fort Wayne, Indiana, for a day long evaluation on August 8.
The infant, was
indeed developing a little slower than normal.
Also discussed was
the behavior of the adult animals, which had changed since the arrival of the
much-anticipated newborn. Kimmie lost interest in the male,
"Pumpkin," and discouraged his attention towards the baby.
The age and layout
of the exhibit itself made "shifting" (moving the
Granby lion attack caused by human error,
health and safety board (CNESST) has confirmed the initial hypothesis on how a
14-year-old lion at the Granby Zoo mauled a zookeeper earlier this month.
Employees 'in shock'
after lion mauls zoo worker
According to the
CNESST's findings, the incident happened during mealtime. The zookeeper brought
the lion's food into an isolated corridor.
Normally, once the
food is there, the worker leaves the corridor, and the animal is let inside.
In this case,
however, the hydraulic door separating the worker and the lion was accidentally
'recovering well' following lion attack
The lion attacked
the woman, leaving her with a broken neck and serious lacerations.
A few days after the
incident, she was discharged from the hospital, and the director of the zoo
told the CNESST she plans to return to work shortly.
The CNESST found the
door was left open due to human error.
Nathalie Dufour, a
spokeswoman for the CNESST, said the zoo already had security measures in place
leading up to the attack.
already applying this polic
Three ways zoos can deal with extreme food shortages
and starving animals
Gaza zoo has finally
evacuated its last few remaining animals, while residents at Venezuela’s main
zoo have not been so lucky. More than 50 animals are reported to have died of
starvation at Caricuao zoo in Caracas in the past few months as food shortages
hit humans and animals alike. There’s no easy solution for zoos faced with
these situations, but they can take steps to minimise the impact of economic
difficulties on the animals in their care.
Since the diet of a
zoo animal is so crucial for its health, being without the special dietary
provisions in adequate amounts can be extremely detrimental. In fact, many
years of research have been dedicated to ensuring that the majority of species
in zoos can have the appropriate calculated diet. Zoo nutrition groups have
been established and computer programs have been specially developed to plan
Yemen's Arabian Leopard as a Symbol of Resurgence
philanthropist and conservationist Haitham Alaini understands that continued
positive changes in his home country are the result of an ongoing commitment to
safeguard its resources. One of its most revered natural inhabitants, the
Arabian leopard, was only recently considered nearly extinct before the
Foundation for Endangered Wildlife intervened to combat the dire situation with
its extensive grassroots education efforts. A living emblem of the Yemeni
people as it is legally recognized as the official national animal, Alaini sees
the magnificent species' struggle as representative of the current
environmental issues adversely affecting his fellow countrymen. By slowly
remedying the plight by replenishing its numbers in the wild, he insists that
the indigenous will serve as an inspirational symbol of national resurgence.
Haitham Alaini works
diligently with the not-for-profit organization, the Foundation for Endangered
Wildlife, and its specialized sister team, the Foundation for the Protection of
the Arabian Leopard, to defend the critically endangered subspecies. The ultimate
goal of the group is to create the conditions for a sustainably managed
population of the felines that will flourish and live in harmony with local
communities. As their population of roughly 200 is severely fragmented
throughout the country, it is imperative that citizens recognize the connection
between the great cats' survival and their own in order to assist with the
movement. Among all the dangers influencing the revitalization of these rare
animals, arguably the largest challenge is defending them from the illegal
trade for private pet ownership or for their skins. While spreading information
on the subject and installing cameras in their habitats have become powerful
tools for the foundation, ultimately, lobbying for the establishment of secure
areas and staunch government defense against poachers remains paramount to the
Beyond securing the
feline's native populace in in the Arabian Peninsula country, Haitham Alaini
and the members of the foundation also hope to improve the breeding record of
the captive individuals in the zoos of Yemeni cities Sana'a and Taiz. There are
currently four resident Arabian leopards at the former institution that have
bred at least twice, but none of the cubs have survived to adulthood; happily,
the latter has been much more effective, with nearly 20 cubs descended from
four wild-caught individuals that now
NTCA proposes big open zoos for tiger safari
Now, tiger safari
will be encouraged in buffer and fringe areas of tiger reserves in order to
reduce pressure of tourism from core/critical tiger habitats and to foster
awareness for eliciting public support. This is akin to a large open zoo quite
popular in African countries where tourists throng to view wildlife in natural,
but controlled habitat.
Conservation Authority (NTCA), Delhi, has issued guidelines recently for
establishment of such safaris. As per the guidelines, the area of a safari park
may be as large as possible but it should be minimum 40 hectares, extendable as
per requirements. It must be ensured that the biological requirements of the
animals kept therein are fully met. Clearance under the Forest Conservation
Act, 1980 will have to be taken, wherever applicable.
activities in the tiger reserves are regulated by the normative guidelines on
tourism issued by NTCA as well as by the prescriptions on eco-tourism as
contained in the tiger conservation plans of the tiger reserves. The last three
years average visitation will be taken into consideration while determining the
need for a tiger safari. A proposal for tiger safari can be placed before NTCA
if the carrying capacity is 100 per cent utilised.
reserves like Tadoba-Andhari, Kanha and others will be immensely benefitted as
the heavy rush of tourists inside core area has disturbed the wildlife.
Besides, these tiger reserves are now facing growing tiger population and some
of the wild cat
Perth Zoo orangutan released into Sumatran wild
The male orangutan,
named Nyaru, is the third to be released from the zoo.
ape was put through "Jungle School" ahead of its departure - learning
to find food and water, make a nest and stay in the trees.
skills and the skills we had taught him before leaving the zoo enabled him to
explore and settle into his new world," Perth Zoo primate supervisor Holly
"It was amazing
to watch an animal I have known since birth navigate the jungle canopy."
Nyaru has been
fitted with a radio transmitter and will be tracked by biologists for up to two
years through the dense terrain.
Perth Zoo is the
only zoo in the world releasing Sumatran orangutans into the wild.
A previous release,
a male named Semeru, died from a snake bite two years after its arrival in the
Temara made world
history in 2006
ZOO AND AQUARIUM ACCREDITATION - ANIMAL WELFARE
accreditation landscape within the zoo and aquarium community is complex, in
part due to the global diversity of members and membership options available.
The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) is the umbrella organisation
for around 280 direct member zoo and aquarium facilities. There are also
approximately 1,300 associated members through its regional association
members, of which there are 22. These regional associations either represent a
single country or specific region or encompass a number of different countries.
Within the regional associations there are further national associations, not
necessarily members of WAZA, but potentially members of another regional
association member. Within this latter community of associations there could be
in the region of around 1,000 more zoos and aquariums, while on top of that
there could be 6,000+ facilities that are not a member of any association or
accredited. Still with us?! So with potentially up to 10,000 zoos out there,
just what does accreditation mean for animal welfare in captivity?
In the mainstream,
an accreditation process is usually carried out in an industry body to
demonstrate their or their member’s ability to meet standards. It helps provide
a public position on the standards and is usually independently reviewed to
avoid bias. A good accreditation process is on-going, meaning it is constantly
reviewed and evaluated on its effectiveness. In regards to the zoo community
and in simplistic terms, accreditation is usually used to differentiate the
good zoos from the bad zoos. Those that are held accountable to an
accreditation process, should in theory have better standards than those who
are not. But is the zoo community actually achieving this or is accreditation
currently failing to address animal welfare and actually acting as a barrier to
innovation within zoos and aquariums? By trying to conform to the norm and
appease a wide audience, are some more experienced association bodies being
prevented from taking the next innovative and possible brave steps in animal
There are obviously
risks around what having poor accreditation processes means for animal welfare.
It fails to address animal welfare concerns within the industry that result in
animal suffering. It also dilutes the efforts being made to improve animal welfare
around the world and reduces the credibility of the accreditation process.
Finally, poor accreditation could potentially cause a depression in animal
welfare by focusing on producing minimum standards or existing to only support
achievable standards, rather than developing high standards that compliment
current thinkings in animal welfare science. Accreditation standards should
reflect the zoo community’s commitment to advances in animal management and
care through our own and others applied research, and this includes standards
that may sometimes require substantial shifts in how animal welfare is
perceived and managed.
WAZA has its own
membership requirements (and a recently launched Animal Welfare Strategy), and
within the association members there are varying accreditation processes
pertaining to animal welfare which members should comply to. A good
accreditation process can determine who is meeting a high standard of welfare
within the community and equally who is not. A good process should underwrite
the global zoo narrative on animal welfare, and provide a transparent approach
to the zoo community’s varied audience.
important to differentiate between industry accreditation and national
standards. Most institutional members of the regional associations will also be
held accountable by a national governmental standard and some associations will
use this national legislation as their sole guiding standard, or in conjunction
with their own standards. A major concern with this approach is that a national
standard often represents something that is achievable and consequently is a
set of minimum standards, thus not necessarily providing the high standards of
care and welfare required. A good accreditation process should represent best
practice and high standards.
Within the WAZA
membership, there is a significant variation in what welfare accreditation
means to each association. While some accreditation processes suitably meet
high standards of care,the implication of these variations worldwide, is a
potential lack of accountability on specific animal welfare concerns and
globally animal welfare is harder to address effectively, despite the
availability of standards and policies.
Good animal welfare
measures must start with a good animal welfare definition. This might seem
obvious, but as it’s historically been very difficult to define animal welfare,
it is actually harder than you think. The difficulties this creates for zoos, regional
zoo associations and regulatory agencies to systematically measure and improve
animal welfare across multiple institutions, habitats and species is clear. As
a result of the lack of consensus on a definition for animal welfare and how to
measure it, there are many different ways that welfare is interpreted and
consequently managed, resulting in varying standards of care. Historically
welfare models have focused on minimising negative welfare states in animals,
but more recently with the conception of the advanced five domain model for
assessing animal welfare compromise, the 2012 Cambridge declaration on animal
consciousness and other evidence-based research, the promotion of positive
welfare states is being used in welfare models of assessment. WAZA itself has
now adopted the five domain model that highlights most potential sources of
Topeka Zoo isn't worried about mixing elephant species
Topeka Zoo officials
say it isn’t that uncommon to see two different elephant species living
The zoo welcomed
Shannon and Cora to their new home Wednesday. Shannon an African elephant and
Cora an Asian elephant joined Asian elephant Sunda an African elephant Tembo.
Zoo Director Brendan
Wiley says the Topeka Zoo is just one of three zoos’ across the nation that
house mixed species of elephants. He says it was common for zoos to house
multiple species in the 1960’s and 1970’s, but in the late 80’s and into the
90’s zoos moved away from that model and began to focus on one species.
“What we know now is
that some of those health concerns, we’re learning,” Wiley said. “They’re not
as valid when we see pairs of elephants like Tembo and Sunda and Cora and
Shannon that have been together for so long, those health concerns aren’t
In the future the
Topeka Zoo will focus on only housing A
Singapore Zoo trials new outdoor system that cools air
The Singapore Zoo is
trying out a new outdoor air-cooling system that can bring down temperatures to
as low as 24°C, while using less energy than an average air conditioner.
The Airbitat Smart
Coolers were developed by Innosparks, a subsidiary of ST Engineering. Four
units were put on trial on Thursday (Aug 25) at the Singapore Zoo’s ticketing
area, and they could be introduced to the other three parks managed by Mandai
Park Holdings — River Safari, Night Safari and Jurong Bird Park.
The cooler has a
“cold water core” that produces chilled water for a two-stage cooling process:
First, warm air is drawn into the unit and cooled by the chilled water; next,
the air is passed through an evaporative panel to produce “super-cooled” air.
took 18 months to conceptualise and produce the units, said typical coolers
chill air to an average of 27°C to 28°C, compared to Airbitat’s 24°C. Each unit
has coverage of 45 to 60 sqm, depending on its specifications.
According to the
firm, the unit can result in energy savings of up to 80 per cent compared to
the average air conditioner of an equivalent capacity. The combined energy and
water cost can be as low as S$2.50 a day, over an eight-hour cooling cycle.
During the trial
Dutch zoo is ready for pandas' arrival
Sixteen years ago,
when 56-year-old Dutch tycoon Marcel Boekhoorn decided to acquire the Ouwehands
Zoo, about 90 km from Amsterdam, to sustain his passion for wildlife, he had
two dreams to fulfill.
One was to inject
investment and expand the visitor flow to the zoo, which boasts of hosting more
than 3,000 animals in the picturesque town Rhenen. After an investment of about
40-million euros, the number of visitors has increased five-fold and the zoo,
set up in 1932 after being converted from a chicken farm, receives almost one
million visitors annually.
The second dream was
to acquire two
Are SA rhino calves being exported to Thailand?
A permit appears to
have been granted for eight South African rhino calves to be exported to a zoo
Earlier this month
Allison Thompson of the organisation Outraged SA Citizens Against Poaching
(OSCAP) posted online that she had
received “credible information” of the “imminent export” of as many as thirty
rhino calves to Thailand. Speculating that the country was not, in fact, the
intended final destination of the animals, she warned that they may end up
being re-routed to China.
The exporter was
identified as Manus Pretorius of a company called Mafunyane, which describes
itself as an “international trader in quality wildlife”.
All of which raises
a number of questions. Has a permit, in fact been issues, and if so, for how
many animals? How ethical is it to sell off rhino calves in the middle of a
major poaching crisis? Is it even legal to trade in live rhinos? And what about
the people doing the exporting – what are their motivations?
According to a
statement by Albi Modise, the Chief Director of Communications for the
Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA), his department “does not issue
export permits to private individuals as this is the mandate of Provincial
Nature Conservation Authorities”, adding that “the applicant applied in the
North West Department of Rural, Environment and Agricultural Development (READ)
and READ will be able to confirm if the permit was issued”.
Unfortunately I have
not been able to get confirmation that the North West Province READ has
actually issued a permit.
South Africa’s white
rhino population (along with that of Swaziland) is listed in Appendix II of the
Convention on the International Trade in the Endangered Species of Wild Fauna
and Flora (CITES). According to CITES, international trade in species included
in this appendix “may be authorised by the granting of an export permit”. Such
a permit “should only be granted if the relevant authorities are satisfied that
certain conditions are met, above all that trade will not be detrimental to the
survival of the species in the wild”.
Pointing out that
the DEA’s role is to ensure that all applications to export rhinos from South
Africa meet the criteria outlined both by CITES and in the Natio
Israeli Surgeons Save Rare Nubian Vulture